Chewing On Clothes And ADHD: Why Do Some Kids Chew On Clothes?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is ‘a behavioural disorder that includes symptoms such as inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness’ (NHS). ADHD is a common neurodevelopmental disorder that typically presents itself in early childhood, but can sometimes be left undiagnosed because, in some cases, it can be difficult to distinguish between ADHD and ‘typical’ childhood behaviour.
Signs of ADHD may include disruptive behaviour, fidgeting, emotional turmoil, difficulties focussing and finishing tasks, forgetfulness, trouble getting organised and making mistakes. You should consult your GP or child’s paediatrician for advice if you suspect that your child has ADHD and they have a few symptoms which are present in all situations.
Chewing Clothes Disorder in Children
Children with ADHD often have what is referred to as oral fixation. The easiest way to explain this, is a compulsion with stimulating the mouth. Oral fixation is another method of ‘stimming’ and is often presented by children chewing on objects, such as clothing.
What Causes a Child to Chew on Clothes?
Common reasons that children with ADHD chew on their clothes are:
- It can be calming for them and reduce anxiety and stress.
- It can help them to focus and pay attention.
- It is a form of sensory stimulation.
- They have PICA (an eating disorder whereby a person eats non-food items).
- They have a dental problem – if your child is unable to communicate with you it is worthwhile ruling this out with their dentist.
- They are stimulating their jaw muscles (particularly true of children who have a soft food diet).
Although chewing on clothes is often harmless, it can be dangerous if your child’s clothing has buttons or zips that could come off and be swallowed so you should always be mindful of this. Wet clothing can also cause your child’s skin to be sore underneath. Of course, chewing clothes can also be a pain for parents because it can ruin items, causing them to have holes in or be misshapen.
Oral Fixation Alternatives
It is quite possible that your child’s desire to chew their clothing will never subside. However, there are oral fixation alternatives that you can put in place to try and reduce the amount of chewing on clothing and also help meet the sensory needs of your child.
Chewelry and Oral Motor Grabbers
Chewelry and oral motor grabbers provide great sensory feedback for children with ADHD who like to chew. These products come in lots of different designs and can be bright, colourful and playful or really quite discreet. They can be a great aid in preventing children from chewing on their clothing.
Bandana Bibs to Help with Child Chewing on Clothes
Some children prefer to chew on fabric and will not chew on objects like chewelry. Bandana bibs can meet this need and prevent chewing clothing. SpecialKids Company provides a range of bandana bibs on our website.
For children who like to chew their sleeves, adaptive clothing might be beneficial. For example, short sleeved bodysuits can, in some instances, remove the option to chew.
Deep Pressure Therapy to Help with Sensory Sensitivity
Providing deep pressure therapy, using touch or weight, can help a child who has sensory sensitivity and is chewing their clothes. It can help to alleviate anxiety and stress and research has shown that it can provide a calming effect on the body and mind.
Other methods could include brushing the inside of your child’s cheek using an electric toothbrush or letting them bounce on a trampoline with appropriate safety measures in place.
High Sensory Foods
High sensory foods, for example, foods that are high in crunch and chewiness, such as carrots, or thick liquids, such as a milkshake through a straw, can help oral fixation.
Alternative Oral Activities
It is worthwhile considering oral alternative activities that might interest your child. For example, blowing bubbles, singing and reading stories are fantastic oral activities, which could distract from chewing.
We hope that these suggestions help. What methods have been helpful for you?